The United States of America


                             З англійської мови
                                  на тему:

                      “ The United States of America ”

                                                         учениці 10-ЕЛ класу

                                                              школи-ліцею №7

                                                            Подлубної Тетяни

                                Вінниця 2001

     1. The USA
     2. American symbols
     3. The US government
     4. What are americans fond of?
     5. The capital of the usa
     6. places of sightseeing
     7. holidays in the usa
     8. famous people of america

                        The united states of america.
      The United States of America is the  fourth  largest  country  in  the
world (after Russia, Canada and China). It occupies  the  southern  part  of
North America and stretches from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean. It  also
includes Alaska in the north and Hawaii in  the  Pacific  Ocean.  The  total
area of the country is about nine and a half million square kilometres.  The
USA borders on Canada in the north and on Mexico in the south. It  also  has
a seaboarder with Russia.
      The USA is made up of 50  states  and  the  District  of  Columbia,  a
special federal area where  the  capital  of  the  country,  Washington,  is
situated. The population of the country is about 250 million.
      If we look at the map of the USA, we can see lowlands  and  mountains.
The highest mountains are  the  Rocky  Mountains,  the  Cordillera  and  the
Sierra Nevada. The highest peak is  Mount  McKinley,  which  is  located  in
      America's largest rivers are the Mississippi, the  Missouri,  the  Rio
Grande and the Columbia. The Great Lakes on the border with Canada  are  the
largest and deepest in the USA.
      The climate of the country varies greatly. The coldest regions are  in
the north. The climate of Alaska is arctic. The climate of the central  part
is continental. The south has subtropical climate. Hot  winds  blowing  from
the Gulf of Mexico often bring  typhoons.  The  climate  along  the  Pacific
coast is much warmer than that of the Atlantic coast.
      The USA is a highly developed industrial country. It  is  the  world's
leading producer of copper and oil and the world's second producer  of  iron
ore  and  coal.  Among  the  most  important  manufacturing  industries  are
aircraft, cars, textiles, radio and television  sets,  armaments,  furniture
and paper.
      Though mainly European and African in origin, Americans  are  made  up
from nearly all races and nations, including Chinese and native Americans.
      The largest cities are New York, Los Angeles,  Chicago,  Philadelphia,
Detroit, San Francisco and others.
      The United States is a federal union of 50 states, each of  which  has
its own  government.  The  seat  of  the  central  (federal)  government  is
Washington,  DC.  According  to  the  US  Constitution  the  powers  of  the
government are divided  into  3  branches:  the  executive,  headed  by  the
President, the legislative, exercised by the Congress,  and  the  juridical.
The Congress consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives.  There
are  two  main  political  parties  in  the  USA:  the  Republican  and  the