/ /

About Riga international airport

Riga Technical University
                      Faculty of Engineering Economics



                         Riga international airport



            Riga 2004

|Contents                                                            |
|1          |1 291      |1 340      |1 299      |-3.1              |
|2          |1 349      |1 338      |1 290      |-3.6              |
|3          |1 516      |1 545      |1 572      |1.7               |
|4          |1 443      |1 493      |1 699      |13.8              |
|5          |1 744      |1 728      |1 680      |-2.8              |
|6          |1 600      |1 783      |1 654      |-7.2              |
|7          |1 464      |1 622      |1 694      |4.4               |
|8          |1 650      |1 839      |1 747      |-5.0              |
|9          |1 602      |1 694      |1 623      |-4.2              |
|10         |1 645      |1 682      |1 653      |-1.7              |
|11         |1 479      |1 540      |1 430      |-7.1              |
|12         |1 287      |1 306      |1 335      |2.2               |
|Total:     |18 070     |18 910     |18 676     |-1.2              |


                                                 Table 1. Aircraft movements
      Passenger figures exceed 600 000, i.e. by 1.7% more than in  2001  for
the second consecutive year. Altogether, the airport handled 18 676  flights
falling behind the previous report year by 1.2% due to Austrian  Airlines,
Estonian Air and the Swedish airline  Trygg-Flyg  deceasing  flights  to
Riga.
      For the third year air cargo  transportation  has  grown  considerably
with turnover exceeding 6 000 tons for the first time, i.e.  by  26.3%  over
the previous year. Cargo transportation import (78.2%)  still  significantly
exceeds export (21.8%).
      To achieve these results the airport staff had to be more  purposeful,
determined and competent than in the previous report period.
      12 carriers including Air Baltic, Aeroflot,  Austrian  Airlines,
Belavia, British Airways, ?SA,  Estonian  Air,  Finnair,  Latpass
Airlines, LOT, Lufthansa and Trygg-Flyg provided scheduled  passenger
flights from Riga airport in 2002.
      Scheduled direct flights linked Riga with 16 European cities including
Berlin, Frankfurt, Helsinki, Jonkoping, Kiev,  Copenhagen,  London,  Moscow,
Minsk, Prague, Stockholm, Tallinn, Tel Aviv, Warsaw, Vilnius and Vienna.
|Month      |2000       |2001       |2002       |2002/2001(%)        |
|1          |302        |346        |502        |45.1                |
|2          |323        |371        |473        |27.5                |
|3          |400        |449        |559        |24.5                |
|4          |346        |421        |561        |33.3                |
|5          |359        |485        |379        |-21.9               |
|6          |350        |446        |428        |-4.0                |
|7          |346        |429        |354        |-17.5               |
|8          |424        |438        |403        |-8.0                |
|9          |430        |395        |546        |38.2                |
|10         |507        |451        |685        |51.9                |
|11         |386        |529        |573        |8.3                 |
|12         |485        |449        |1 117      |148.8               |
|Total      |4 658      |5 209      |6 580      |26.3                |


                                           Table 2. Cargo transportation (t)
Major passenger flows and routes of scheduled flights.
      In 2002 the flight map changed slightly with  Air  Baltic  exploring
new destinations and starting flights to Berlin in May and later to  Vienna.
Additionally, Air Baltic resumed flights to  Moscow,  Warsaw  and  Prague,
which had been suspended as  unprofitable  the  previous  years.  Thus,  the
Latvian aviation market was considerably divided. Air Baltic improved  its
position, but Austrian Airlines discontinued flights from Vienna  to  Riga
due to the imposed flight reduction. In comparison with the last  year,  the
dynamics  of  passenger  growth   for   the   above   destinations   dropped
considerably by 885 on the Warsaw route,  22.8%  on  the  Vienna  route  and
17.3% on the Moscow route.
|Month      |2000       |2001       |2002       |2002/2001(%)         |
|1          |35 235     |38 681     |38 377     |-0.8                 |
|2          |35 637     |38 243     |37 477     |-2.0                 |
|3          |45 454     |46 510     |45 393     |-2.4                 |
|4          |45 087     |48 154     |48 420     |0.6                  |
|5          |54 308     |57 248     |55 802     |-2.5                 |
|6          |56 017     |68 036     |63 980     |-6.0                 |
|7          |53 123     |61 247     |62 114     |1.4                  |
|8          |56 140     |67 041     |62 485     |-6.8                 |
|9          |55 810     |60 879     |63 294     |4.0                  |
|10         |51 645     |51 872     |61 270     |18.1                 |
|11         |44 804     |43 924     |49 357     |12.4                 |
|12         |41 096     |40 812     |45 353     |11.1                 |
|Total      |574 356    |622 647    |633 322    |1.7                  |


                                                Table 3. Passenger movements
      In 2002 73 passengers out of every  100  handled  in  Riga  (including
transit) travelled to or from Western Europe. Altogether  scheduled  flights
to Western Europe were responsible for  the  growth  of  passengers  figures
(almost 11 000). Berlin, with  the  highest  passengers  growth  rate  ranks
first among the cities of Western Europe (it should be  mentioned,  however,
that in 2001 there were no scheduled flights on  this  route);  followed  by
London with 6.9% and Frankfurt with 6.4%. However, there  is  an  exception.
For the first time passengers figures on the Helsinki route have dropped  by
almost 3 000 or  3.9%  in  comparison  with  the  last  year.  Nevertheless,
Helsinki ranks 2 nd on the list of the most popular  destinations.  For  the
second successive  year  passenger  figures  on  the  Stockholm  route  have
dropped sharply by almost 14 000 or 21%. Accordingly, a Stockholm  rank  6th
instead of the previous 3rd, but the Copenhagen has constantly  been  number
one since 1996, despite a passenger growth rate, which has  slowed  down  on
the route.
      In 2002 passenger figures for Eastern and Central  Europe  have  grown
slightly. Some destinations have  faced  radical  changes.  As  in  previous
years, passengers figures decreased by 17.3% on the Moscow  route.  For  the
second year after resuming scheduled flights on the Tallinn route  passenger
figures  went  down  by  11.4%.  Passengers  figures  on  the  Prague  route
increased  significantly  by  27.7%  for  the  second  year.  It  should  be
underlined that the Prague route has the highest absolute growth rate,  i.e.
by  13 000  passengers  more  and  even  surpasses  the  Copenhagen   route.
Accordingly, Prague shows a very convincing growth and ranks 3rd instead  of
being 6th in 2001 on the list of the most popular destinations. The  success
allowed ?SA to pull ahead of such major  airlines  as  British  Airways,
Lufthansa and Finnair. A couple of years ago such a forecast would  have
seemed unbelievable. ?SA passengers figures have almost  tripled  compared
with 1999 and almost doubled compared with 2000.
      Only three of the carriers providing scheduled flights to Riga  during
the report year have carried fewer passengers than in 2001, i.e.  Aeroflot
with 29.6%, Finnair with 16.3% and LOT with 2.7%.  These  airlines  have
reduced flight frequency by 35.8%, 2.4% and 1.7% respectively. Air  Baltic
has carried the majority of passengers to and from Riga,  i.e.  43%  of  the
total number of passengers. ?SA with 10% of passengers handled  at  Riga
airport ranks 2nd.  As  in  2001,  British  Airways  with  9%  ranks  3rd,
Lufthansa with 8% ranks 4th, Finnair with 8% is  5th,  but  Latcharter
with 7% is 6th.
|City          |2000      |2001      |2002      |2002/2001(%)      |
|Copenhagen    |137 895   |152 109   |152 109   |3.0               |
|Helsinki      |65 670    |71 712    |71 712    |-3.9              |
|Prague        |34 741    |50 084    |50 084    |27.7              |
|Frankfurt     |51 669    |54 715    |54 715    |6.4               |
|London        |50 115    |53 274    |53 274    |6.9               |
|Stockholm     |71 145    |65 094    |65 094    |-21.0             |
|Moscow        |44 194    |41 810    |41 810    |-17.3             |
|Warsaw        |10 349    |19 687    |19 687    |1.7               |
|Vienna        |20 404    |20 567    |20 567    |-22.8             |
|Kiev          |11 087    |11 231    |11 231    |8.2               |
|Tallinn       |14 066    |11 086    |11 086    |-11.4             |
|Mugla         |2 778     |3 186     |3 186     |2.3x              |
|Berlin        |          |391       |391       |18.0x             |
|Vilnius       |9 821     |6 680     |6 680     |-3.1              |
|Barcelona     |3 514     |2 497     |2 497     |1.6x              |
|Heraklion     |2 232     |1 115     |1 115     |-3.1              |
|Others        |36 374    |57 409    |56 294    |                  |
|Total         |574 356   |622 647   |622 647   |1.7               |


                                       Table 4. Passenger movements per city
 Air cargo
      In 2002 the handled cargo volume has increased by more than 1 300 tons
when compared to the previous year. Riga  International  Airport  has  never
faced such an important increase in cargo volume before.
      Of all the carries providing scheduled  flights,  ?SA  achieved  the
highest  growth  of  both  cargo  volume  and  passengers   figures;   while
Aeroflot had the highest rate  of  cargo  volume.  Contrary  to  passenger
figures, cargo volume dropped by 20.9% for British Airways  and  by  10.5%
for Lufthansa for the second year. Cargo volume  also  slightly  decreased
also for Finnair. Nevertheless, Finnair is the major air  cargo  carrier
in Riga with 20% of the total cargo volume handled at the airport  ((25%  in
2001); followed by Air Baltic with 16% (21% in 2001); SAS with 15%  (18%
in 2002); ?SA with 7% (6% in 2001);  Aeroflot  with  6%  (5%  in  2001);
Lufthansa with 5% (7% in 2001); and British Airways with 2% in 2001).
|Airline           |2000   |2001    |2002         |2002/2001(%)     |
|Finnair           |934    |1 323   |1 308        |-1.1             |
|Air Baltic        |1 041  |1 099   |1 045        |-4.9             |
|SAS               |845    |952     |971          |2.0              |
|?SA               |249    |305     |429          |40.7             |
|Aeroflot          |209    |277     |394          |42.2             |
|Lufthansa         |453    |389     |348          |-10.5            |
|British Airways   |304    |191     |151          |-20.9            |
|Concors           |       |137     |145          |5.6              |
|Air Polonia       |       |7       |117          |16.7x            |
|LOT               |112    |112     |115          |2.7              |
|Austrian Airlines |36     |36      |23           |-36.0            |
|White Eagle       |190    |101     |             |                 |
|Aviation          |       |        |             |                 |
|Others            |210    |280     |1 534        |                 |
|Total             |4 658  |5 209   |6 580        |26.3             |


                                           Table 5. Cargo transportation (t)



Modernization and extension of the airport
      During the report year attention was paid  to  the  reinforcement  and
technical  upgrading  of  aviation   security   measures.   Riga   Airport
investment in aviation security has always been balanced.  In  view  of  the
11th  September  terrorist  attacks  the  airport  carried  out  unscheduled
activities  to  reinforce  security,  transferring  a  major  part  of   the
investment initially planned for infrastructure development to security.
      In  the  middle  of  2002  cargo  X-ray  equipment  was  obtained  and
installed. Latvia is a member of European Aviation Conference (ECAC),  which
set 1 January 2003 the deadline for the introduction of the  100%  screening
of checked baggage at international airports. If this  requirement  had  not
been met, the aircraft departing from Riga would have  faced  long  handling
delays at other European airports;  while  all  the  baggage  arriving  from
Riga airport would have been subject to time-consuming security  controls.
At the end of 2002  Riga  airport  launched  automatic  baggage  screening
equipment- which is a part of the common baggage  security  control  system-
to provide maximum safety and convenience for passengers.  The  producer  of
the equipment is the well-known company Heimann.  The  system  facilitates
three-level baggage control. The automatic baggage screening  equipment  has
the capacity to process 1 200  baggage  units  per  hour.  Accordingly,  two
systems facilitate security control of 2 400 baggage  units  per  hour.  The
installed equipment ensures security control fully  compliant  with  the  EU
requirements in the field of  aviation  security.  In  addition  to  baggage
control equipment, a computer room was arranged  and  47  airport  employees
were trained. Altogether,  security  equipment  and  the  reconstruction  of
baggage conveyors cost the airport 1.6 million EUR.
      To reinforce security  in  the  major  areas  and  facilities  at  the
airport, the aircraft handling area and the technical area of  the  airfield
was fenced off and a checkpoint was arranged.
      During the report year the 2nd and 3rd  floor  reconstruction  of  the
passenger terminal continued. Airline agencies moved to comfortable  offices
and after the  reconstruction  the  3rd  level  of  passenger  terminal  was
opened. After many years  the  restaurant  run  by  the  well-known  Latvian
company Lido has been opened at the airport. The airport  guests  have  an
opportunity both to enjoy the Lido menu and have  a  panoramic  view  over
the  airfield,  which  was  impossible  for  a  long   time   due   to   the
reconstruction. The terminal has also become friendlier to  passengers  with
special needs, as the lift facilitates access to any level of the terminal.
      In the winter season airfield maintenance requires  extra  effort  and
costs.  It  is  extremely  important  to  ensure   the   airport   operation
irrespective of the weather and provide all flights according to the  flight
schedule.  Therefore  the  airport  has  upgraded  transport  and  emergency
systems by obtaining  two  multi-functional  airfield  maintenance  vehicles
produced by the  well-known  company  Marcel  Boschung  AG.  The  vehicles
remove snow from runway, taxiways and apron areas and provide anti-icing  of
surfaces. In the summer season the vehicles are used to collect garbage  and
dust.
      Equipment for the treatment of land amelioration systems, loading  and
digging was obtained. An airfield area of 10 ha was cleared  of  underbrush,
thus increasing ground capacity.
      Riga  airports  is  the  second  of  the  European  airports  having
introduced the passenger loyalty programme N.O.V.A. to the  benefit  of  our
passengers, despite the fact that it does not bring the  airport  any  extra
profit. However, the programme enables the airport to  keep  in  touch  with
passengers regularly and not only while they are travelling.
Financial performance
      SJSC Riga International Airport ended the  financial  year  2002  with
202.4 thousand LVL profit. Aviation  services  with  6 242 100  LVL  or  75%
account for the major revenue share of economic activity. Revenue  share  of
other services increased year on the year and amounted to 2 033 400  LVL  in
2002.
      Runway and airport infrastructure maintenance,  salaries,  and  credit
interest  payments  comprise  the  major  expenditure  share   of   economic
activity.
      In 2002 the airport continued to invest resources in  the  development
of infrastructure and purchasing of runway  maintenance  equipment.  One  of
the main investments was purchasing of a new automatic baggage screening  to
provide maximum safety for passengers.


Selected bibliography

   1. Wells Alexander Airport planning and management/London: McGraw-Hill,
      2003

   2. Starptautisk?s lidostas R?ga 2002. gada p?rskats/ R?ga: RIX, 2003

   3. www.riga-airport.com